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Turkish factor contributed to Nakichevan incident – debate in Yerevan

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The recent fatal incident on the Nakichevan border was evidently a Turkish-Azerbaijani attempt to escalate tension in the run-up to the Genocide centennial, says Vardan Devrikyan, an Armenian literary critic and a veteran the Nagorno-Karabakh war.
“The closer we are to the Genocide centennial, the more Turkey will use Azerbaijan as a second front to distract attention,” he told reporters on Saturday, calling for a higher degree of attention to the Turkish factor.
Devrikyan said he doesn’t think that the choice of location was accidental given that the situation on the Armenia-Nakichevan Contact Line has always been relatively calm.
“Armenia thus experienced the breath of war, as the shootings were closer to Yerevan,” he said, noting that the Nakichevan Line of Contact is not limited to an Armenian-Azerbaijani border.Larisa Alaverdyan, a former ombudsman also attending the news conference, said the periodic shootings against the border villages of Tavush have come to be perceived as something ordinary in Armenia, with the repeated violations of ceasefire on the Nagorno-Karabakh Azerbaijan Contact Line not catching any attention at all.“The government bodies’ behavior forces the defense and security agencies to shoulder the entire burden. But the question has to be included into international organizations’ agenda,” she said.Alaverdyan added that Armenia’s failure to respond to the statements by James Warlick, the US co-chair of the OSCE Minsk Group, put the country in a position of a guilty side that appears unable to resort to any resistance.
“We too, have the right to speak about the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic in the language of international law. We must never have our heads down whenever an ignorant politician addresses a letter which is later read out by another politician who is equally illterate,” said the former ombudsman, referring to Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev’s letter which president Norsultan Nazarbaev of Kazakhstan read out at the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council’s recent summit in Astana (in the letter, the Azerbaijani leader said Armenia has to make reference to internationally recognized borders when acceding to the Eurasian Economic Union – Ed).Alaverdyan added that Azerbaijan seems to be taking advantage of the situation in Ukraine and Syria where, she said, violence against civilians has gone unpunished. “Azerbaijan seems to be getting a carte-blanche, seeing those countries’ example,” she said. 

Officials may face probe for Hrant Dink murder

June 6, 2014 Armenia, Europe, Turkey No Comments
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Key officials could face a probe regarding the murder of Turkish-Armenian journalist Hrant Dink on charges of intent or negligence after an Istanbul court overturned a previous ruling, the Hurriyet Daily News reports.
An Istanbul court has lifted a previous decision, which has ruled there was no need for sanctions against the former deputy governor of Istanbul, Ergun Gngr, Istanbul Police Chief Celalettin Cerrah, former Istanbul Police Department Intelligence Head Ahmet İlhan Gler and six police officers regarding the 2007 assassination.
The court recommended an investigation into nine officials following a European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) decision. A lawyer for the Dink family, Hasan Bakırcıoğlu, confirmed that it is now legally possible for a probe against Gngr, Cerrah, Gler and six police officers.
Dink, the highly esteemed former editor-in-chief of weekly Agos, was murdered in broad daylight in front of his newspaper’s building on Jan. 19, 2007, by a 17-year-old Turkish nationalist. The triggerman, Ogn Samast, was convicted of premeditated murder and sentenced to 22 years and 10 months of prison after a two year-trial, but lawyers representing the Dink family have repeatedly expressed their dismay over the way the investigations and the trial were conducted.
His assassination sent shockwaves through Turkey and grew into a wider scandal after it emerged that the security forces knew of a plot to kill Dink, but failed to act.
Backing up widespread accusations of a state conspiracy, another key figure in the trial, Erhan Tuncel, claimed in December 2013 that he had informed the police of the plan, but that his warnings went unheeded.
There have been suggestions that the killing was a result of “deep state” work, but the court said there was no organization behind the murder. According to reports, Dink was called to a police department and “warned” about the plot against him, fueling belief that the murder was known by some institutions within the state beforehand.

Armenia Warns Azerbaijan After Deadly Border Shooting


Armenia – An Armenian soldiers guards the border with Azerbaijan’s Nakhichevan exclave, 27Nov2013.

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Armenia threatened Azerbaijan with “severe consequences” on Friday after two of its soldiers were shot dead on its border with the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhichevan.

Catholicos Aram I conducts official meetings in Vatican

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As part of his official visit to the Vatican City, Catholicos Aram I of the Holy See of Cilicia had meeting with religious figures and diplomats, reports the Catholicosate’s press service.At the Holy See, he met with Cardinal Barolini to discuss the challenges facing the Christian communities in the Middle East.
The Patriarch talked of the Armenian Genocide centennial, praising Vatican’s efforts to assist the Armenians in their demands for justice. The cardinal shared Aram I’s concerns over the situation with the Middle East Christians, noting that the issue is a priority for Vatican. He also expressed support to the Armenians’ fair demand.
Accompanied by prelates, Aram I later visited the embassies of Lebanon and Armenia.
Armenian Ambassador to the Holy See Mikael Minasyan warmly greeted the patriarch, conveying to him greetings and kind wishes from President Serzh Sargsyan. The catholicos said for his part that the Armenian Embassy makes him feel at home in Vatican.
Hailing the young ambassador’s presence on the diplomatic arena, Aram I said it was a pleasure to him to see Armenia expand its diplomatic relations
Addressing the Armenian Genocide centennial, the patriarch emphasized ambassadors’ role in the process, saying that the anniversary should not be only  an occasion of remembrance but should also reflect the Armenian people’s collective will to reinstate and protect their infringed rights. 

Azerbaijan’s accession to EaEU would be in Armenia’s interests, says ex-minister

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Lieutenant General Vagharshak Harutyunyan, a former Armenian minister of defense, says he doesn’t see any threat about Azerbaijan’s possible accession to the Eurasian Economic Union (EaEU).
In an interview with Tert.am, the ex-minister said he expects the contrary effect from such a scenario, considering Russia’s influence a restraining factor for Azerbaijan’s military ambitions (over Nagorno-Karabakh).Mr Harutyunyan, Russia is inviting Azerbaijan to join the Eurasian Economic Union. Though [the proposal] has been rejected on a ministerial level, don’t you think anyway that such a possibility would be a threat to Azerbaijan?
No, I do not see any threat in terms of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict settlement, because Armenia will be a member state of the union in a month and will have the right to veto. All the EaEU decisions are made based on a consensus, so in case there is a threat to Karabakh, Armenia can exercise the right to veto. And besides, the Karabakh threat would realistic in one case only – when Armenia and Karabakh are weak in terms of military protection and unable to ensure their own security.
So, are you sure that [Armenia] is not weak because it has an ally like Russia?
Sure, this is an in-depth question. I give a brief answer, because it needs to be analyzed from the regional and global perspectives. But such a move is not a threat at all to either Karabakh or Armenia.
And how do you estimate Azerbaijan’s chances of joining the EaEU?
I don’t think Azerbaijan will join it at the current phase, because it does not have any chances or a desire, at least at the present moment. But [such a possibility] cannot be ruled out in future, of course.
Don’t you think attempts are now being made to win Azerbaijan’s heart, with Russia making reverences in an attempt to talk the country into joining the EaEU and the West trying to block such chances on the other hand?
It isn’t true. Winning a heart would imply every possible to return Karabakh to Azerbaijan. But there are no such steps. As to the fact that the West and Turkey are doing all their best to prevent Azerbaijan’s membership in the EaEU, that obviously stems from their own interest. Russia proposes that Azerbaijan join the EaEU, and that, by the way, is in the interests of Armenia too. It is better for Azerbaijan to be under the influence of Russia rather than Turkey and other states which have no interest in preventing a renewed war in our region. Hence, it is a normal political process, and Armenia is in an advantageous position.
You say ‘no renewed war’, but the same Russia keeps selling military supplies to Azerbaijan in big batches, with the recent consignment of tanks being the last deal? Do you also think that it is nothing more than a business, and that Russia’s failure not to sell [the weapons] would cause Azerbaijan to buy them from the United Nations?
I have responded to that question many times before, and my position hasn’t changed. Yes, if Azerbaijan didn’t have money and Russia gave it arms and arms supplies, that would be a step directed against us, but because Azerbaijan will nonetheless buy – and it does actually buy – arms supplies from Ukraine and Israel, it is likely to buy them from other countries too. I say again that a technical military cooperation has its own objectives. That’s also reflected in the Russian law on military cooperation. So one of the objectives is to reinforce influence on the state it cooperates with. If you sell weapon, the purchaser thus becomes dependent on you, because it is never restricted to the sale of weapons alone. Hence, Russia is strengthening its influence on Azerbaijan to the maximum possible extent. Of course, the sale of weapons – whatever it is – does strengthen Azerbaijan, and naturally, I don’t like it at all. But Azerbaijan will buy weapon anyway, so it is better for it do that with Russia, because Russia has no interest in a renewed war in our region. That’s the first thing to say; and secondly and most importantly, Russia has taken a responsibility which also stems from its interests: to ensure Armenia’s security and provide Armenia with up-to-date technologies. That’s laid out in the final protocol signed in 2010. Russia’s objective is to maintain the military balance in the region.
And do you think Russia manages to maintain that balance? Besides, the possibility of a renewed war over Karabakh is very often on the agenda; do you see such likelihood?
No, I do not. Azerbaijan is not capable of waging a war today, the Armenian army’s efficiency being a key [inhibiting] factor; and also the fact that we have a military cooperation treaty with Russia. So all this reduced the likelihood of war to zero.
Is a customs checkpoint between Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh possible? Astana seems to be against to accept Armenia into the EaEU together with Karabakh?
[Kazakh President Norsultan] Nazarbaev expressed his opinion [at the Eurasian Economic Summit], saying that Armenia has to sign its membership [treaty] by July 1. And in the meantime, he expressed support to Armenia’s membership. Further, he said that it would be better for Armenia to sign the treaty with reference to the borders outlined by the UN. Besides, have we recognized the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic? No, we haven’t. Have we said Nagorno-Karabakh is to join the EaEU? No. There are no hazards for Armenia and Karabakh. As to whether or not there will be a customs checkpoint, it’s something to be decided by us. There is no obstacle to Armenia’s membership in the EaEU, and all the sides have confirmed that. The fuss raised over the topic was just an element of that war.

Aliyev Thanks Kazakh Leader For Pro-Azeri Stance On Armenia


Turkey – Presidents Ilham Aliyev (L) of Azerbaijan and Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan meet in Bodrum, 4Jun2014.

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Turkey’s presidential election on OSCE radar

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Irregularities and controversies that forced authorities to cancel some of the March 30 local election results in Turkey have moved Europe’s security body to announce that a mission will observe the country’s upcoming first direct presidential election,reportsHurriyet Daily News.
The Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) undertook a Needs Assessment Mission (NAM) to Turkey between May 7 and 9 upon an official invitation from the Turkish authorities to observe the presidential election which will be held in two rounds in August.
“The majority of OSCE/ODIHR NAM interlocutors expressed a certain level of confidence in the electoral process and referenced the country’s long-standing tradition of democratic practices,” said a report, drafted after this mission and dated June 3, in its “Conclusions and Recommendations” section.
“However, they also raised particular concern with the new legal framework and its possible gaps and shortcomings and noted a recent weakening of general public confidence in the authorities, particularly following the recent local elections,” added the report.
“Some previous OSCE/ODIHR recommendations remain unaddressed and most OSCE/ODIHR NAM interlocutors stated that they would welcome an OSCE/ODIHR observation activity for the upcoming election, with some having emphasized the necessity of the OSCE/ODIHR’s longer-term presence. A number of aspects could merit attention by an OSCE/ODIHR election observation activity, including the new legal framework; campaign finance provisions; the conduct of the electoral campaign; and the work of the media,” it said.

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Case of Nearly 1 Ton of Narcotics Found at Border to be Sent to Court

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14:09, June 3, 2014
The case of 927.6 kilos of heroin discovered by Armenian customs officers will be sent to court in one month’s time. Public defender Artak Garoyan, who is Turkish citizen Osman Oğurlu’s attorney, in conversation with Hetq, said the defense is now working on changing the charge against Oğurlu.

Recall, on January 17 of this year, officers at the customs house in Meghri, upon inspecting a truck passing through Armenia on its way to Georgia, discovered 927 kg of heroin in a special compartment. The National Security Service of the Republic of Armenia launched a criminal case based on Article 215, Part 2 of the RA Criminal Code (smuggling of narcotics and psychotropic substances). The driver of the truck, Georgian citizen Avtandil Martiashvili, was arrested. Arrested in Yerevan on January 18 was Turkish citizen Osman Oğurlu, who is accused of organizing the transport of the aforementioned quantity of drugs to Turkey through the transit territories of Armenia and Georgia. He is charged with the articles on contraband and the illegal turnover of narcotic drugs or psychotropic materials with the purpose of manufacture or sale.

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Featured Books

Book Reviews

John Balian’s “Novel Approach” Brings the Armenian Saga to the Masses – An interview with John Balian by Lucine Kasbarian

Gray Wolves and White Doves cover art

Armenians often wish for a tale about the Armenian Genocide and its aftermath that would make a blockbuster film and draw attention to their cause. John Balian’s new book, Gray Wolves and White Doves (CreateSpace/Amazon.com), may be that tale.

 Largely autobiographical, this atmospheric novel is presented through the eyes of an innocent young boy trying to make sense of the world as he grows up amid repressive conditions in Western Armenia/Eastern Turkey during the 1960s and 70s.

 This fast-paced, multi-layered narrative takes readers from Hanna Ibelin’s (a.k.a. Jonah Ibelinian’s) close-knit family life in the perilous Asia Minor region of Palu to terror and tragedy while en route to Syria’s Kamishli, to a bleak existence on the mean streets of Istanbul.

New Children’s Picture Book From Armenian Folklore

Teaneck, N.J. and Belmont, Mass. –  An Armenian folktale retold by Armenian-American writer Lucine Kasbarian and illustrated by Moscow-based artist Maria Zaikina debuts with Marshall Cavendish Children’s Publishers in April 2011.

The Greedy Sparrow: An Armenian Tale is from the ancient Armenian oral tradition and culture, which was nearly obliterated during the Turkish genocide of the Armenians, Assyrians and Greeks in 1915. The author learned the tale from her father, editor and columnist C.K. Garabed, who would recite it to her at bedtime. He had learned it from his own grandmother, a celebrated storyteller from the Old Country.  The tale was first put to paper by Armenian poet Hovhannes Toumanian at the turn of the 20th century.

“We Need To Lift The Armenian Taboo”

Turkish writer and publicist Ahmet Insel labels the initiative of the Turkish Nationalist Movement Party to pray namaz on the ruins of Ani as provocation.

In an interview with “A1+,” the publicist said the initiative was supported only by a small percentage of Turks.

“They offered namaz in Ani in protest against Christian rites carried out in Trabzon and Akhtamar. The leader of the Nationalist Movement Party, Devlet Bahceli said if Christians are allowed to pray inside museums, similarly he can pray namaz in Armenian churches,” said Ahmet Insel.

The Turkish writer arrived in Armenia to participate in a book festival. Presentation of Armenian version of Dialogue sur le tabou arménien (Dialogue about the Armenian Tabou) co-authored by Ahmet Insel and Michel Marian was held during the festival.

US Media Discusses The Armenian Genocide

BURBANK, CALIFORNIA –  KFI 640, a popular news/talk radio station hosted by Bill Handel on September 23 aired a live interview with Michael Bobelian, the writer of a new book titled  Children of Armenia: A Forgotten Genocide and the Century-long Struggle for Justice

The book chronicles the aftermath of the Armenian Genocide of 1915, and recounts a people’s struggle for justice in the face of a century of silence and denial.

During the interview, which was aired during the prime morning time slot, Bill Handel addressed both the efforts within the United States to ensure that the US government appropriately acknowledges the Armenian Genocide and Turkey’s ongoing denial.

Handel, a well known and nationally syndicated radio talk show host, has discussed the Armenian Genocide during past shows.

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Armenian Gangs: Caught between an Archetype and a Cliché

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19:15, July 12, 2014

By Marineh Khachadour

“The whole thing started with a scene straight out of a mobster movie. It was around 6 p.m. when more than a dozen men from two organized crime groups opened fire on each other in a North Hollywood parking lot. Witnesses say nearly everyone was armed, and the shootout quickly went mobile. The men took off in cars, exchanging fire as they weaved through the Whitsett Avenue traffic.”

Stories such as this are not unique to Armenians in the American press, but this investigative report recently published in the LA Weekly is about Armenian Power, the Los Angeles based Armenian gang that operates in the heavily Armenian populated communities of Glendale, Burbank, and North Hollywood.

Want to Write for Hetq?

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10:24, March 14, 2014

I’m looking for freelancers who can broaden the scope of Hetq’s English edition

Arts & Culture, Commentary, Politics, Civil Society, Interviews…

Anything interesting happening in your local community you’d like to share?

Write to me with your ideas and story suggestions.

Hrant at hg.hetq@gmail.com

Source: HetqOriginial Article

For Better or For Worse: Nature Protection Ministry Proposes Amendments to Water Use Laws

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16:44, February 14, 2014

With the goal of providing a systematic solution to issues of effective use of water resources in Ararat valley, the Ministry of Nature Protection of the Republic of Armenia (RA) is proposing amendments and additions to the RA Water Code, and the RA laws on the Republic of Armenia’s National Water Program, on Licensing, and on State Tax.

The proposed legislative package has been sent to the relevant state agencies for their input.

Head of the Ministry of Nature Protection’s Water Resources Management Agency Volodya Narimanyan told Hetq, said that with this amendment package his ministry is attempting to clarify the ideas and the ambiguous commentary, as well as introduce new requirements. For example, one of the main points of the proposed amendments is if water use permit conditions are not met, the water use permit might be annulled.

2013 in Civil Society: Protests and more protests


The struggle of civil movements this year has been comprehensive and diverse with limited success in certain fields due to unified efforts and active involvement of the civil society.

Despite the rather passive start of the year in terms of civil movements, the second half of 2013 turned out to be tense with active developments.

Some analysts believe that especially after the February 18 presidential ballot, when current president Serzh Sargsyan won a decisive victory over his opponents and was re-elected for a second term, despite the widespread poverty and atmosphere of injustice in the country, people became even more aware of the fact that is it impossible to achieve changes via elections and started practicing their constitutional rights to civil protest and disobedience more frequently.

Armenian Foreign Policies 2013: Customs Union, U-turn on EU accord, Karabakh, Turkey, regional developments


2013 became a milestone year for Armenia not only in its foreign, but also domestic politics. After nearly four years of negotiations with the European Union over the signing of an association agreement on September 3 Armenia unexpectedly announced its intention to join the Customs Union of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan.

This decision has had its influence not only on Armenia proper, but also on the processes elsewhere in Eastern Europe. Inspired by Armenia’s decision, Russia stepped up its pressure on Ukraine, which suspended the process of signing of the Association Agreement with the EU one week before the Vilnius summit of Eastern Partnership. As a result, on November 29 such agreements were initialed only by Moldova and Georgia.